What is Value?

Value is defined as worth, merit or esteem which an individual, a person, or group of people have for an idea or an object. When we say we value something, what we simply mean is that we cherish or love that thing or object.

Values therefore, bold attraction for us, and we like to possess them, hi Nigerian society, we value honesty, love, selflessness, justice, hard work, discipline and love.

Types of values.

Our Life: Being alive is one of the most important types of values. All human beings love their lives, and they do not toy with it. People run away from anything or activity that can cost them their lives.

1. Good Health: Human beings or even the lowest animals cannot exist without sound health. It is therefore, very important to live in a clean environment to keep one healthy. “Health is wealth”.

2. Being Human: The fact of being a human is one of the most important values because it is often said that God created us in His own image.

3. The Family: Charity begins at home. So, we must keep our family’s name and never allow anything to stain it. In Nigeria, people believe so much in their family’s name as such they try to protect it. Our family’s name must be protected.

4. Loyalty: This has to do with support given to superiors and mates from time to time by an individual. A loyal person is said to be a reliable person. The opposite of loyalty is disloyalty. Loyalty is the key to success in life.

5. Discipline: This is total obedience to the rules and regulations governing a place. A disciplined person is said to be law abiding. The opposite of discipline is indiscipline. A person who is guilty of indiscipline is punished in the society.

6. Being hardworking: This has to do with total dedication towards what one does. Being hardworking always leads to success in life. A hardworking person is always respected in the society.

7. Tolerance: Tolerance is the act of respecting each other’s views, opinions and beliefs. A tolerant person will always respect the belief of another person or group of persons. In Nigeria, efforts are being made by the government individuals and non-governmental organisations to promote religious and ethnic tolerance among the citizens.

8. Fair Play: This is the process of following rules and regulations that govern the society. Fair play is one constant word in the field of sports, particularly the game of football. In real life situations, efforts should be made by all to adopt fair play and follow the rules of the society to the letter. Citizens must be fair to one another, because it is in it that peace and harmony that the growth and development of the nation lie.

10. Spirit of Sponsorship: This is generosity displayed by good citizens in order to assist others, especially the young, in areas such as education and sports. This behaviour contributes to the development of those assisted, as well as the development of their families and the nation at large.

11. Justice : Justice has to do with treating other people with fairness and equity. A community is guided by laws, norms and values. These fundamental pillars of existence are often based on justice. So, the laws of the land must be obeyed, and any disobedience to them must be sanctioned. In a civilised society, due process must be followed in the dispensation of justice.

12. Honesty : Honesty men absolute truth. An honest person always tells the truth irrespective of the person or persons concerned.

13. Selflessness : ‘Love your neighbour as yourself’ is the law of God that created all human beings. Selflessness is showing love and respect, and helping others regardless of their background. It also means caring about others in one’s community. The opposite of selflessness is selfishness.

Examples of Selfless Activities
Selflessness can be demonstrated in the following ways:

1. Participating in community development projects. e.g. construction of roads, town halls, etc.

2. Defending one’s community for security reasons.

3. Providing for the needy and the poor in the community.

4. Participating in environmental sanitation exercise.

5. Caring for the weak and the vulnerable.

Importance of Values
Values are very important. Some benefits of values include:

1. It coordinates people’s activities.

2. It encourages people to be hard working.

3. Values leads to determination and success in life.

4. Values make one to be a good role model to others, that is, a person that one tries to emulate in a particular area life.

Scroll Down to Select Page 3 for the next topic – Lesson Two: Citizenship


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