Roles of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in Agricultural Production
The role of these organisations is mainly through research activities, which cover a wide range of agricultural activities. They have the mandate that cover food commodities, agro-ecological zones or both. The specific organisations and their specific objectives are:
1. West-Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA).
WARDA has its headquarters in Bouake, Cote d ivoire and was established in 1971. Its main objective is to improve rice production.
2. International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA).
— established in 1967.
— headquarters in Ibadan, Nigeria and has several sub-stations in the west African sub-region.
— objective is to research on farming systems in Africa with special focus on rice, maize, cassava, cocoyam, cowpea, sweet potato and soyabean.
3. International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA).
— established in 1974.
— headquarters is in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
objective is to improve livestock production systems in African region through research.
4. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
The headquarters of IFAD is in Rome, Italy. Its main objectives are:
— to increase and improve food production and living standard of poor rural people.
— to develop appropriate technologies.
— to encourage active rural participation in development programmes.
— to form and strengthen rural self-help group.
5. International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).
— established in 1972,
— headquarters: Hyderabad. India.
— focus: farming systems and production of sorghum, millet, pigeon peas, chickpeas, and groundnuts.
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