Roles of Government in Agricultural Production
The primary aims of government in agricultural production are to:
(i) increase agricultural production;
(ii) increase and improve farm families income and living standard.
(iii) diversify agricultural production;
(iv) encourage efficient production methods,
(v) create employment.
These various objectives are realised through:
(i) provision of financial assistance such as loans, credits, subsidies insurance schemes, etc.
(ii) establishment of farm settlement schemes and other agricultural programmes. Examples are: Operation Feed the Nation (OFN), Green Revolution, River Basin Development Authority, Irrigation Schemes, Land Use Decree, etc..
(iii) provision of farm inputs, these include Tractor Hiring Units (THU), improvised seeds, fertilisers, agrochemicals (pesticide, herbicides, insecticides, etc.).
(iv) provision of basic amenities e.g. electricity, health care, water supply such as, pipe-borne water or deep welts and borer holes;
(v) establishment of effective road and transportation network, marketing outlets and quality control measures;
(vi) processing of agricultural products e.g. cottage ndustries, processing rnachines.etc.
(vii) provision of adequate storage facilities e.g. granaries and silos;
(viii) provision of pest and disease control services, vaccination and quarantine services;
(ix) provision of extension services, agricultural education and cooperatives;
(x) provision of research facilities
(xi) price control.
Agricultural Development Programmes and their Objectives
1. Agricultural loan scheme. (NACS)
— to provide soft loans for financing agricultural projects;
— to provide fund for farmers.
2. River Basin Development Authority (RSDA).
— to provide water and irrigation at facilities for all year round agriculture;
— to provide facilities for inland fisheries;
— to open up agricultural land within river basin area.
3. National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS).
— to provide security against risk, uncertainties and hazard in agriculture for farmers.
4. Green Revolution.
— to encourage large scale farming and productivity of crops and livestock.
— to achieve self sufficiency in food production;
— improve social amenities in rural areas.
— improve quality of life in rural areas;
5. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN).
— to increase food production in response to food deficit experienced in the country;
— to fight inflation resulting from food deficit;
— to popularise agriculture (awakening of interest in agriculture).
6. (NALDA) National Agricultural Land Development Agency.
— to make provision of land for agriculture and prepare such land
7. (ADP) Agricultural Development Projects.
— to provide agricultural extension services to farmers.
8. Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI).
— to provide rural infrastructure that will facilitate food production and evacuation.
9. (NAFPP) National Accelerated Food Production Programme.
— to educate farmers on methods of increasing production on their own farmland.
10. National Accelerated Industrial Crop Production Programme (NAICPP).
— to encourage the production of industrial crops such as cocoa, oil palm, rubber, etc.
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