Hello and welcome!
ASSURE Educational Services has put-together the scheme of work on Fisheries – SS1, SS2 and SS3 based on the National Curriculum and the syllabus of WAEC and NECO. All the topics highlighted in the National Curriculum and the syllabus of WAEC and NECO have been accommodated in our Scheme of Work.
End of term Assessment Tests in SS1, SS2 and SS3 alongside Overall Assessment Tests are available. Schools may adopt our scheme of work because of its simplicity and ease of monitoring of academic activities.
The Scheme of Work stated below is inexhaustible. Schools are encouraged to input weeks and periods of completion of topics in accordance with the academic calendar, number of students and available classes.
SS1 Fisheries – 1st Term Scheme of Work
|SS1||1st Term||BASIC CONCEPTS IN FISHERIES||Introduction to Fisheries||(a) Meaning of fisheries
Explanation of the terms fishery and fisheries. Fisheries refer to all processes involved in fish production, processing, marketing and distribution. Fishery is one aspect of fish production.(b) Sub-divisions of fisheries.
(i) Capture fisheries (fishing):
– subsistence fisheries;
– artisan fisheries;
– industrial fisheries.
(ii) Culture fisheries (aquaculture).
|Importance of fisheries.||Importance of fisheries e.g. food, employment, income generation, social-cultural activities, aesthetics, medicinal etc.|
SS1 Fisheries – 2nd Term Scheme of Work
|SS1||2nd Term||PROCESSES OF FISH PRODUCTION||
|(a) Different methods involved in capture fisheries.
Various methods of capture fisheries such as hook and line, cast netting, set netting, trap/trapping, trawling, harpooning should be assessed.(b) Materials required for capture fisheries and their uses.
Assessment should include hooks, cages, knives/cutlasses, traps/basins, spears, cast nets, gill nets, seine nets, drag nets. Knowledge of the uses of the materials is required.
|Culture fisheries.||(a) Identification of common qualities of culturable fish species such as hardiness, acceptability of artificial fish feeds, tolerance to poor water quality, ability to reproduce in captivity.
(b) Identification of common culturable fishery organisms such as Clariasspp, Tilapia, Heterobranchus, shrimp, sea weeds.
(c) Culture facilities – description of culture facilities such as ponds, tanks, race ways, cages, pens.
SS1 Fisheries – 3rd Term Scheme of Work
|SS1||3rd Term||TYPES OF FISH CULTURE FACILITIES AND CULTURE SYSTEMS||Fish ponds||(a) Types of fish ponds – Knowledge of different types of fish ponds: earthen ponds, concrete tanks, plastic tanks, fibre glass tanks etc
(b) Components of fish ponds – inlets, outlets, dykes/embankments/walls, monks and spillways.
|Systems of Aquaculture||(a) Types of aquaculture – monoculture, poly culture and integrated fish farming
(b) Management systems in aquaculture – extensive, intensive and semi intensive systems of aquaculture management.
|Water quality control and monitoring.||(a) Definition of water quality – Conditions of water that promote good health of fishery organisms for survival
(b) Water quality parameters – such as dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, temperature, turbidity, conductivity.
(c) Methods of monitoring water quality – DO meter, wrinkler method, pH meter, litmus test etc
(d) Water pollution
(e) Optimum water parameter ranges
SS2 Fisheries – 1st Term Scheme of Work
|SS2||1st Term||FISH FEEDS AND FEEDING||Fish feed/food materials.||(a) Identification of different fish feed/food materials – natural fish food (phytoplankton and zooplankton) and artificial fish feed should be covered. A clear distinction between food and feed
(b) Nutritive value of fish feed ingredients – energy yielding ingredients (corn, wheat bran, garri, rice bran etc.) and protein yielding ingredients (soya bean, fish meal, groundnut cake etc.).
|Fish feeding.||(a) Feeding regime for fish – explanation of feeding regime such as 3% – 5 % of fish body weight based on age/size.
(b) Ideal feeding periods for fish – based on age/size
(c) Methods of feeding – feeding methods such as broadcasting, spot/point feeding, automated feeding.
SS2 Fisheries – 2nd Term Scheme of Work
|SS2||2nd Term||FISH POND PREPARATION AND MANAGEMENT||Fish pond construction||site selection; construction of earthen ponds: land measurement/mapping, staking, excavation, building of dykes etc; construction of concrete ponds: land measurement/mapping, staking, stripping of the top soil, concrete base or casting, building with correct mixtures of sand, gravel and cement etc.|
|Pond preparation||(a) Tools required for pond preparation – such as digger, head pan, cutlass, wheelbarrow, spade, hand trowel is required.
(b) Preparation of ponds for stocking – maintenance activities of old and new ponds should include:
|Pond management||(a) Meaning of pond management
– monitoring water quality, daily checking of leakages/seepage, methods of feeding and stocking, stocking rate and time etc.
(b) Pond management practices –
|FISH HARVESTING AND POST HARVESTING PROCESSES||Materials and methods for harvesting fish.||(a) Fishing gear
– Knowledge of the various fishing gear(b) Construction and mending of fishing gear.
– Knowledge of the materials used for construction and mending of fishing gear is required.(c) Methods of fish harvesting – various methods of harvesting fish
(d) Fishing crafts – various types of fishing crafts is required
|Post-harvest handling of fish||(a) Materials and methods for
(b) Methods of fish preservation.
(c) Packaging materials for fish
(d) Marketing channels for fish.
SS2 Fisheries – 3rd Term Scheme of Work
|SS2||3rd Term||FISH SEED PRODUCTION||Brood stock selection and handling.||(a) Differences between male and female sexually matured fishes.
(b) Qualities of good breeders.
(c) Ways of handling brood stock .NB – Knowledge of the qualities of good breeders should include hardiness, ability to breed in captivity, large size, without defects etc.
Assessment should cover ideal period of transporting fish; duration in confinement and careful handling of brood stock.
|Artificial breeding||(a) Meaning and importance of artificial breeding – meaning of artificial breeding as ‘manipulating the sexually matured fish to spawn or reproduce in captivity’; importance of artificial breeding such as to:
– obtain high quality hybrids;
– obtain large quantity of fish seed;
– make fingerlings readily available(b) Steps involved in artificial breeding of fishes – Brood stock selection, conditioning, inducement, stripping, fertilization and incubation of fertilized eggs should be assessed.(c) Equipment and materials used in the artificial breeding of fish – knowledge of equipment and materials such as basins, happa net, hatching troughs, syringes, aquaria tanks, microscope.
|Managing and nursing fish seed||Maintaining optimum water condition (aeration), feeding with natural food organisms (plankton), introduction of artificial feed based on size, separation of dead/unfertilized eggs from hatchlings, transferring to production/grow- out ponds/tanks, sorting of shooters/jumpers etc.|
SS3 Fisheries – 1st Term Scheme of Work (Practicals)
|SS3||1st Term||FISH CULTURE||1. Environmental conditions in fish habitats.
2. Tools and equipment used in fish culture.
3. Common culturable fish species.
4. Fish feed and materials.
5. Materials for pond preparation
|Measurement of environmental conditions is required: temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH and turbidity.
Identification, uses and maintenance of fishery tools and equipment e.g. secchi disc, water pump, pelleting machine, aerators.
Identification of common culturable fish species in your country is required. Knowledge of scientific names is required.
Identification of types of fish feed and uses of fish feed materials is required.
Identification and uses of materials for pond preparation: lime , fertilizers etc is required
|FISHING GEAR AND CRAFT||1. Fishing gear.
2. Fishing craft.
|Identification, description and uses of fishing gear e.g. gill net, cast net, seine, traps. Identification of parts and their functions should be assessed. Maintenance of fishing gear is also required.
Identification, description, uses and maintenance of fishing craft should be assessed.
|FISH PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION||1. Fish processing and preservation.
2. Equipment used in fish processing and
3. Fish products and by-products.
4. Fish packaging materials.
|Assessment should include the identification of common processed and preserved fish; identification and uses of common processing and preservation methods.
Identification and uses of fish processing equipment e.g. knives, measuring bowls, weighing balances, hand gloves; fish preservation equipment e.g. freezer, smoking kiln.
Identification and uses of fish products and by-products e.g. fish scales, fish oil, fish skin.
Identification of fish packaging materials e.g. fish boxes, nylon, baskets, cardboard
SS3 Fisheries – 2nd Term Scheme of Work (Revision)